Gum Disease Basics Everyone Should Know
You are probably at least somewhat familiar with the concept of gum disease, and you likely know that it is something to be avoided at all costs. However, you may not have a complete understanding of exactly what gum disease is, how it develops, and what you and your dentist can do to prevent and treat it. To learn about the symptoms of gum disease, and more, keep reading.
The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gum tissue that supports and surrounds your teeth. Gingivitis symptoms include swollen, red gums that bleed during flossing and brushing. Typically the result of poor dental care, gingivitis is the first step toward the more serious condition known as periodontal disease.
Though gingivitis mainly impacts the gums that surround your teeth, periodontal disease is marked by inflammation and infection of the bone that lies beneath the gums. Gum disease begins when food particles and saliva combine to produce bacteria, which in turn form plaque buildup. When not properly removed, plaque forms tartar, which must be removed by a dental care professional.
When plaque is allowed to remain on the teeth and gums, it causes irritation and gingivitis develops. If gingivitis goes untreated, it can spread to the bone and become periodontal disease, which is far more serious. At this point, the bone and gums will recede from the teeth, causing pockets to develop that are magnets for additional bacteria and plaque. Ultimately, bone will continue to degrade and your teeth may loosen and fall out.
In most instances, gum disease is the result of poor dental care, but there are additional risk factors that include smoking cigarettes, poor diet, and stress. Puberty and pregnancy have also been linked to increased incidence of gingivitis, as has diabetes. Anti-seizure drugs and other prescription medications can also cause an increased risk of gum disease.
Fortunately, reversing gingivitis is possible, provided you follow strict dental care habits and schedule twice-yearly appointments with an affordable dentist in Shelby Township.
To get the dental care you deserve from an affordable dentist in Shelby Township, call Gentle Dental of Shelby Township today at (248) 721-4086 or make an appointment.
Gentle Dental offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Shelby Township. With 8 affiliated practices throughout Michigan, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Gentle Dental of Shelby Township, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Gentle Dental of Shelby Township.